Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #8

Professor Danuta Wasserman shared:

“The European Psychiatric Association (EPA) guidance on suicide treatment and prevention”
D. Wasserman, Z. Rihmer, D. Rujescu, M. Sarchiapone, M. Sokolowski, D. Titelman, G. Zalsman, Z. Zemishlany, V. Carli

It has been recognized as one of the most cited research articles in the European Psychiatry Journal.

You can find it in the European Psychiatry website, it is available for download until 5th December (click here to see it!).


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com


Thanks to Professor Danuta Wasserman, MD, PhD

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #7

Our member Judith Balazs shared with us some of her recent publications in the field of suicidology:

Self-injury and externalizing pathology: a systematic literature review
Meszaros G, Horváth LO, Balazs J. (2017) BMC Psychiatry. 2017 3;17(1):160.

Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder and suicide: A systematic review.
Balazs J, Kereszteny A. (2017) World J Psychiatry 22; 7(1): 44-59


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com


Thanks to Judth Balazs, MD, PhD

Scientific News and Reading Suggestion #6

The new reading suggestion is a recent publication on World Psychiatry; the Authors are two members of our Section:

Antidepressants and suicide risk in depression
Courtet, P. and Lopez-Castroman, J. (2017), World Psychiatry, 16: 317–318. doi:10.1002/wps.20460

Our Co-Chair, and also author, says about it:

“The current issue of World Psychiatry presents a letter by two of our section members (Philippe Courtet and Jorge Lopez Castroman). The letter describes the ongoing controversy about emergent suicidal ideation or behavior after the introduction of an antidepressant treatment. Our colleagues make a quick overview of this issue from the Black Box warning to the most recent evidence. They also make several suggestions to improve our knowledge and practice with suicidal patients: 1)the need for RCTs that do not exclude patients because of suicidal risk, 2) an update of usual practices in the use of antidepressants, and 3) the need for research investment in the development of specific treatments targeting suicidality. Here is the link to the paper. Food for thought!”


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com


Thanks to Jorge López Castroman, MD, PhD, co-chair of The EPA-SSSP Section of Suicidology and Suicide Prevention

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #4

Professor Vsevolod Rozanov informed us about his book recently published by Elsevier:

“Stress and Epigenetics in Suicide”

“In this book an attempt is made to build a model of suicidal behavior which is based on the concept of stress-vulnerability with implication of modern understanding of the role of epigenetics as a mechanism of programming certain behavioral and emotional patterns, which may influence suicide or suicide attempt.

I am trying here to put together different types of interactions between genes and environments (mostly social, discussing psycho-social and perceived stress as main disturbing factor), starting from typical genes-to -environment interactions, behavioral genes-to- environment covariations, to mechanisms of early life stress programming based on epigenetics and social genomics reactions which evoke conserved patterns of reactivity.
As a result a bio-behavioral model of suicidal behavior is proposed, which takes into consideration possible transgenerational transmission of programmed stress-reactivity and some other features, which in turn may serve as a background for self-destruction.
This model seems to be relevant for understanding recent growth of suicidal behavior in youth and adolescents. In the frame of this thinking cultural conflict, values that are promoted by global economic model, hedonism, individualism, rude materialism and many other psychological and existential aspects of modernity are thought to be responsible for the high level of perceived stress in youth, making certain part of them particularly vulnerable.
The perspective of prevention is seen in such domains as stress-inoculation from one side and self-actualization, meaning in life and intrinsic values promotion in youth from the other side. These wider strategies are given more attention, with reflections on possible biological effects”.


For more details: https://www.elsevier.com/books/stress-and-epigenetics-in-suicide/rozanov/978-0-12-805199-3


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com


Thanks to Professor Vsevolod Rozanov, MD, PhD

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #5

Recently it was the World Suicide Prevention Day,
please remember that you are all encouraged to inform us about what you did about it!

You can find more about WSPD activities in several countries HERE!

By the way here we are with a new reading suggestion!

This time it is from JAMA Psychiatry, which, as you know, with its current IF 15.3 is one of the most important journals in the field of psychiatry.

We suggest you for reading a couple of articles published in the May-June and July issues; they are about a multi-center study of suicide prevention after discharge from Emergecy Department (ED). This research has involved 8 Emergency Departments (EDs) in the United States. It is widely acknowledged that people who have attempted suicide often come to the attention of specialist care only after the gesture. Usually the first psychiatric consultation for suicide attempts occurs in the ED, and 40% of deaths by suicide (15% of self-harm) visited an ED the year before committing suicide; hence the need to implement ad hoc prevention strategies in this specific setting.

The studies we suggest for reading focus on patients with a recent suicide attempt or suicidal ideation, and compare the outcome of two treatment groups (conventional treatment and program of prevention of suicide and self-harm) at a 52 weeks follow-up.

You can find more to read on JAMA Psychiatry website, at these links: 


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #3

Our new reading suggestion is about the recent publication by our members, in alphabetical order, Raffaella Calati, Philippe Courtet, Sebastien Guillaume and Emilie Olié:

Psychological Pain in Suicidality: A Meta-Analysis.
Ducasse D, Holden RR, Boyer L, Artéro S, Calati R, Guillaume S, Courtet P, Olié E.
J Clin Psychiatry. 2017 Aug 29. pii: 16r10732. doi: 10.4088/JCP.16r10732.

We also asked the Authors to prepare a brief presentation of their work to share with you all, so here it is:

“This is a meta-analysis on the association between psychological pain and current or lifetime history of suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempt (SA). Twenty case-control studies have been included. The intensity of psychological pain was found to be higher, even when controlling for depression, in: 1) subjects with lifetime history of SI and subjects with current SI versus without; 2) subjects with lifetime history of SA and subjects with current SA versus without.”

You can find it also in the recently published Section Members’ publications, Report Pubmed May-August 2017.
The link is the following: https://suicidologysection.org/section-members-publications/

Please contact us if you wish to share with Section Members something about your recent publications about suicide and suicide prevention, or if you have any reading suggestion!


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #2

In a few days it will be the World Suicide Prevention Day (WSPD): every year, on September 10th, the WSPD offers the opportunity to talk and reflect about a complex and global health problem.

WSPD is organized by the International Association for Suicide Prevention (IASP) and WHO has been co-sponsor of the day. The main theme of this year is “Take a minute, change a life”.

In order to spread worldwide suicide prevention awareness, IASP prepared WSPD banners in different languages (to see the banners click here).

An editorial about the WSPD has been published in the last days on The Lancet Global Health, including further reading suggestions and WPSD-related link and info.

This editorial, titled
“Suicide prevention: keeping the momentum“
is our new reading suggestion.

It can be downloaded from the Lancet website (click here to go to the page).


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #1

Media coverage of suicide is now well known to have a significant influence on the suicide epidemiology. This influence is supposed to result from two opposite effects, the Werther and the Papageno effect. The former refers to the robust increase of suicide rates following the publication of a suicide story. This implies a suggestion process, i.e. imitation of the depicted death by vulnerable persons. The latter refers to the preventive potential of medias, which has been more recently discovered and is far less known; Papageno effect predicts that media can help prevent suicidal behaviors beyond a simple reduction of the Werther effect (Read More about Papageno HERE).

Here is our first reading suggestion, an editorial published on
August 22nd on the British Medical Journal, titled
Suicide on TV: minimising the risk to vulnerable viewers
.

It deals with several current news, starting from the recent Netflix serie “13 Reasons why” and the news of the suicide of the Linkin Park’s singer Chester Bennington, their impact on suicidal behaviors and Werther effect. Then, it mentions some of the themes we have recently presented in the website, including the Papageno effect, and the Blue Whale phenomenon.


The complete reference is:
Arendt F, Scherr S, Till B, Prinzellner Y, Hines K, Niederkrotenthaler T. Suicide on TV: minimising the risk to vulnerable viewers. BMJ. 2017 Aug 22;358:j3876. doi: 10.1136/bmj.j3876.

The Editorial can be downloaded from the BMJ website (www.bmj.com).


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

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