Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #20

Suicide is a global public health concern: human activities and rapid urbanisation influence the environments in which people live, and this may impact on health, including mental health. In particular, a recent article published on The Lancet Planetary Health by M.Helbich and colleagues, focuses on the association between natural environments and population suicide risk. Authors studied how green or blue spaces may influence suicide rate in association with many socio-economic factors and provide references on previous studies about how  suicide-methods access may contribute to suicidal behaviors.

LINK: Natural environments and suicide

Moreover, “suicide hotspots” should be considered among the environmental factors that may influence suicide rate in a specific context. Several articles have been published about this topic in different countries: on PloS One, in 2017, it was published a Swiss study that compares different suicide prevention measures in jumping hotspots; an Austrian study (2017) focuses on railway suicide, studying clustering phenomena, and particular events occuring in proximity to psychiatric institutions in order to help further prevention strategies.  

LINK: Comparing Different Suicide Prevention Measures at Bridges and Buildings: Lessons We Have Learned from a National Survey in Switzerland

LINK: Suicides on the Austrian railway network: hotspot analysis and effect of proximity to psychiatric institutions.


If you want to know more about suicide hotspots you can visit our post about it! 

Natural environments and suicide. Chang, Shu-Sen et al.
The Lancet Planetary Health , Volume 2 , Issue 3 , e109 – e110

Hemmer A, Meier P, Reisch T (2017) Comparing Different Suicide Prevention Measures at Bridges and Buildings: Lessons We Have Learned from a National Survey in Switzerland.
PLoS ONE 12(1): e0169625. doi:10.1371/journal. pone.0169625

Strauss MJ, Klimek P, Sonneck G, Niederkrotenthaler T. Suicides on the Austrian railway network: hotspot analysis and effect of proximity to psychiatric institutions. Royal Society Open Science. 2017;4(3):160711. doi:10.1098/rsos.160711.


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #19

Recently, on the Journal of Medical Internet and Research (IF: 5,175), an English research group published a systematic review about self-harm, suicidal behaviours and cyberbullying, in people younger than 25 years. Many research studies are available about the association between electronic bullying and suicidal behaviors in this population at risk, and the review tries to systematize the existing literature about this topic. Briefly, victims of cyberbullying seem to be at a greater risk of self-harm and suicidal behaviors.

LINK: Self-Harm, Suicidal Behaviours, and Cyberbullying in Children and Young People: Systematic Review

Young people suffering from mental illness are at higher risk for suicide than their healthy peers. A recent study published on JAMA Psychiatry, performed by a group of researchers from Hong Kong University, reports about the impact of an Early Intervention Service on  suicide rate. While it is widely acknowledged that early interventions improve short-term outcomes in schizophrenia, this study is specifically focused on suicide reduction in the long term (12 years follow up) and main risk factors for early and late suicide.

LINK: Association of an Early Intervention Service for Psychosis With Suicide Rate Among Patients With First-Episode Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders


John A, Glendenning AC, Marchant A, Montgomery P, Stewart A, Wood S, Lloyd K, Hawton K. Self-Harm, Suicidal Behaviours, and Cyberbullying in Children and Young People: Systematic Review. J Med Internet Res 2018;20(4):e129. DOI: 10.2196/jmir.9044

Chan SKW, Chan SWY, Pang HH, et al. Association of an Early Intervention Service for Psychosis With Suicide Rate Among Patients With First-Episode Schizophrenia-Spectrum Disorders. JAMA Psychiatry.2018;75(5):458–464. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2018.0185

 Image From Pixabay


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To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
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Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #18

Recently on BMJ it has been published a free meta-analysis and systematic review about job-related stressors and suicidality (Milner et al, 2018), a very interesting topic. Job stressors are widely acknowledged as determinants of common mental health disorders, and in literature there are several works about their correlation with suicidality. The paper by Milner and coworkers offers an overview of what is known in the literature about this topic.

LINKPsychosocial job stressors and suicidality: a meta-analysis and systematic review

Regarding job stressors and suicidality, it is known that physicians have an increased risk to die by suicide; it is quite difficult to estimate with accuracy the phenomenon, but it seems that approximately 300-400 physicians die every year for suicide, a doctor a day. Medical profession is one of the occupations with the highest risk of death by suicide.

The Washington Post recently published the article “What I’ve learned from my tally of 757 doctor suicides”, written by a family physician who, in addition to her daily work, is committed in suicide prevention. She reports about  an “uncomfortable” topic for discussion, the problem of suicide among physicians, trying to summarize the main findings collected during many years of practice.

LINKWhat I’ve learned from my tally of 757 doctor suicides

Among physycians, psychiatrist have to face with people who attempt suicide nearly every day. On Jama Psychiatry has been recently published an interesting issue by N. P. Morris, a medical doctor working at the Department of Psychiatry in Stanford University; the text is a reflection on psychiatrists daily activities and feelings, in particular when they are called to face with patients who made suicide attempts or self-harm.

LINKWhen Mind Deforms Body


Image From Pixabay


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Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #17 – part 2

On March our reading suggestion was about a recent article by our member Christina van der Feltz-Cornelis on “Frontiers in Psychiatry”:

“Springtime Peaks and Christmas Troughs: A National Longitudinal Population-Based Study into Suicide Incidence Time Trends in the Netherlands”
Emma Hofstra, Iman Elfeddali, Marjan Bakker, Jacobus J. de Jong, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen and Christina M. van der Feltz-Cornelis

Here her comment about it:

“Time trends are one of the most studied phenomena in suicide research; however, evidence for time trends in the Dutch population remains understudied. Insight into time trends can contribute to the development of effective suicide prevention strategies.

Therefore, we examined time trends in national daily and monthly data of 33,224 suicide events that occurred in the Netherlands from 1995 to 2015, as well as the influence of age, gender, and province, in a longitudinal population-based design with Poisson regression analyses and Bayesian change point analyses.

We found that suicide incidence among Dutch residents increased from 2007 until 2015 by 38%. Suicide rates peak in spring, up to 8% higher than in summer (< 0.001). Suicide incidence was 42% lower at Christmas, compared to the December-average (IRR = 0.580, < 0.001). After Christmas, a substantial increase occurred on January 1, which remained high during the first weeks of the new year. We also found effects by gender, age and province of residence, however, no differential effects were found for gender, age and province of residence in both season and Christmas with regards to suicide incidence.

It is recommended to plan (mental) health care services to be available especially at high-risk moments, at spring time, and in the beginning of January. Further research is needed to explore the protective effect of Christmas in suicide incidence”.


You can find it on Frontiers in Psychiatry: click HERE

Image From Pixabay


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To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

 

Thanks to Christina M. van der Feltz-Cornelis

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #17

Our member Christina van der Feltz-Cornelis suggested us her recent article, published on February, 2018, online on “Frontiers in Psychiatry”:

“Springtime Peaks and Christmas Troughs: A National Longitudinal Population-Based Study into Suicide Incidence Time Trends in the Netherlands”
Emma Hofstra, Iman Elfeddali, Marjan Bakker, Jacobus J. de Jong, Chijs van Nieuwenhuizen and Christina M. van der Feltz-Cornelis

It talks about suicide time trends in the Dutch population: it can be useful in order to create new prevention strategies, looking at planning mental health care services especially at high-risk moments (eg at spring time or in the beginning of January).


You can find it on Frontiers in Psychiatry: click HERE

Image From Pixabay


Looking forward to sharing with you
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To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
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Thanks to Christina M. van der Feltz-Cornelis

 

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #16 – Jama

Jama Psychiatry published the list of the
Top 5 Articles in 2017. 

The Most Read JAMA Psychiatry Article in 2017
is about suicide:

National Trends in Suicide Attempts Among Adults
in the United States 


Olfson M, Blanco C, Wall M, Liu S, Saha TD, Pickering RP, Grant BF. National Trends in Suicide Attempts Among Adults in the United States. JAMA Psychiatry. 2017;74(11):1095–1103. doi:10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2017.2582


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Image from Pixabay

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #15

Two hints about suicidology and suicide prevention recently published on high impact medical research journals: BMJ and World Psychiatry. They both talk about suicide mortality after discharge from psychiatric hospitals. 

Here following the themes developed:

  • Suicide, substance use and natural causes are respectively the most important causes of mortality in the first year post discharge from psychiatric hospitals (Large M; on BMJ)
  • Decline in suicide mortality after psychiatric hospitalization for depression in Finland between 1991 and 2014 (Aaltonen KI; on World Psychiatry)

People suffering from psychiatric diseases have higher mortality rate, and this is particularly true for those who have been admitted in a psychiatric hospital and then discharged. It is known that suicide risk is higher in the first 3 months after discharge and remains high through the entire first year (see our previous reading suggestion from JAMA).


Sources:

To know more you can find the articles on  BMJ and World Psychiatry website at these links: 


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Image from Pixabay 

 

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #14 – part 2

In our last “Scientific news and reading suggestion” presented an article shared by one of our members, Professor Stephen Palmer:

“Hearing the Suicidal Patient’s Emotional Pain –
A Typological Model to Improve Communication”
Dunkley, Borthwick, Bartlett, Dunkley,Palmer, Gleeson, Kingdon.

Here is a short summary by Stephen Palmer and Christine Dunkley:

“Suicide is known to be driven, in part, by a desire to escape emotional pain. We wondered how emotional pain communication was transmitted to mental health professionals, and how those professionals picked it up. Using a qualitative study design and thematic analysis we devised a model showing that patients communications can be either spoken or unspoken, and each type may be heard or unheard. We identified 14 factors that influence whether the patient will speak out or not, and whether the clinician will pick up the communication or not. One of the factors that our participants identified was that if patients can actually speak out about their emotional pain, it is often deemed less serious by their care team, than the kind of communication that is picked up non-verbally. Patients also identified instances of good practice, such as when professionals remained in contact with them, making it more likely that they would disclose their emotional pain. This research is important in identifying ways in which clinical practice can improve, some of which have no cost implications”.

You can find it on our report about members’ publications or at this link.

Thanks to Dr Christine Dunkley & Prof Stephen Palmer

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #14

Professor Stephen Palmer shared the following article, published online on December, 2017, on the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention:

“Hearing the Suicidal Patient’s Emotional Pain –
A Typological Model to Improve Communication”
Dunkley, Borthwick, Bartlett, Dunkley, Palmer, Gleeson, Kingdon.

It is Open Access. You can find it on our report about members’ publications or at this link.

Image from Pixabay


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com


Thanks to Professor Stephen Palmer, PhD CBiol CPsychol CSci

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