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Movie of the Month (January 2018)

In January 2018 we choose a movie for you:

“It’s Kind of a funny story”

Written and directed byAnna Boden Ryan Fleck  
Starring: Keir Gilchrist, Emma Roberts, Viola Davis, Lauren Graham, Jim Gaffigan, Zoë Kravitz, Zach Galifianakis.
Year: 2010
Running time: 101 min

PlotThe film focuses on the story of Craig Gilner, a 16-year-old boy that, after contemplating suicide, decides to go to the hospital to seek help. Here Dr. Mahmoud advises Craig one-week stay in the hospital’s psychiatric ward. Craig meets psychiatric patients, creates new relationships, and strengthens his resources and skills to face difficulties. After discharge from the hospital, Craig has changed his outlook on life.


Sources (text and image):  

https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/It%27s_Kind_of_a_Funny_Story_(film)

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #14

Professor Stephen Palmer shared the following article, published online on December, 2017, on the Journal of Crisis Intervention and Suicide Prevention:

“Hearing the Suicidal Patient’s Emotional Pain –
A Typological Model to Improve Communication”
Dunkley, Borthwick, Bartlett, Dunkley, Palmer, Gleeson, Kingdon.

It is Open Access. You can find it on our report about members’ publications or at this link.

Image from Pixabay


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com


Thanks to Professor Stephen Palmer, PhD CBiol CPsychol CSci

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #13

Some of our Section Members have created several educational Flyers on suicide prevention in high risk population, including recommendations and orientations about suicide related topics; one of them concerns LGBT (lesbian, gay, bisexual, transexual and Q, questioning) population. The Flyers Project is still ongoing and we hope this could help the average clinician with practical highlights.  

A recent letter published on JAMA, “Suicide Risk Behaviors Among Sexual Minority Adolescents in the United States, 2015” by Theodore L. Caputi and coworkers reports about suicide risk in sexual minority adolescents using nationally representative data from 2015.

On 19th December Jen Christensen of the CNN mentioned this letter in the article: “LGBQ teens face serious suicide risk, research finds”.

Image from Pixabay


To know more, these articles are available on CNN and on JAMA websites at these links:  


Remember to visit our page about Flyers!


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


For further information please contact us to our e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Experiences from International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women (part 2)

On 1st December, as already announced, Patrizia Zeppegno organized the half-day cultural meeting on the prevention of violence against women, which took place at the University of Piemonte Orientale (Novara).
The whole “Novara” group, including several Section members, participated to the organization of the event. Many students, doctors, nurses and administrative staff attended it. According to the training and education approach of our School of Psychiatry, founded by Eugenio Torre, stimuli from literature, music and cinema were used. It was an inspiring occasion to talk about this topic and making prevention of a risk factor for suicide: the main focus was on intimate partner violence and how it could influence victim’s behavior.


Thanks to Professor Patrizia Zeppegno and to our Secretary Carla Gramaglia M.D., PH.D.

Movie of the Month (November 2017)

In November 2017 we choose a movie for you:

“The Sea of Trees”

Directed by: Gus Van Sant
Written by: Chris Sparling
Starring:  Matthew McConaughey, Ken Watanabe, Naomi Watts
Year: 2015
Running time: 106 min

PlotArthur Brennan (Matthew McConaughey) is an American man who decides to end his life after  his wife’s death (Naomi Watts), who was an alcoholic. Arthur goes to the Aokigahara forest, a famous suicide hotspot at the base of Mount Fuji, in Japan. In the forest he encounters a Japanese man, Takumi Nakamura (Ken Watanabe), who is there for Arthur’s same purpose. Together, they begin a journey of self-reflection and mutual help.

We propose this movie because it allows reflection about hotspots and implications for suicide prevention. For further information about hotspots, you can read also this month scientific suggestion at this link.



Sources (text and image):  

Wikipedia, the sea of trees: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/The_Sea_of_Trees

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #12

“Suicide hotspots” is a phrase that can have two meanings: a geographical area with a relatively high rate of suicide among its resident population and a specific, accessible and usually public site often used as a location for suicide, providing either means or opportunity for suicide.
The following articles focus on the key approaches suggested worldwide in order to prevent suicide attempts in hotspots.

  • Interventions to reduce suicides at suicide hotspots: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Pirkis J, Too LS, Spittal MJ, Krysinska K, Robinson J, Cheung YT.
    Lancet Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;2(11):994-1001. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00266- 7.
    Epub 2015 Sep 22. Review. Erratum in: Lancet Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;2(11):961. PMID: 26409438
  • Cooling suicide hotspots.
    Caine ED.
    Lancet Psychiatry. 2015 Nov;2(11):952-3. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00315- 6. Epub 2015 Sep 22. No abstract available. PMID: 26409437
  • “Hotspots” and “copycats” a plea for more thoughtful language about suicide.
    Owens C.
    Lancet Psychiatry. 2016 Jan;3(1):19-20. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00492- 7.
  • “Hotspots” and “copycats” a plea for more thoughtful language about suicide – Authors reply.
    Pirkis J, Krysinska K, Cheung YTD, Too LS, Spittal MJ, Robinson J.
    Lancet Psychiatry. 2016 Jan;3(1):20. doi: 10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00548- 9.
  • Comparing Different Suicide Prevention Measures at Bridges and Buildings: Lessons We Have Learned from a National Survey in Switzerland.
    Hemmer A, Meier P, Reisch T.
    PLoS One. 2017 Jan 6;12(1):e0169625. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0169625. eCollection 2017.
  • Suicides on the Austrian railway network: hotspot analysis and effect of proximity to psychiatric institutions.
    Strauss MJ, Klimek P, Sonneck G, Niederkrotenthaler T.
    R Soc Open Sci. 2017 Mar 8;4(3):160711. doi: 10.1098/rsos.160711. eCollection 2017 Mar. PMID: 28405359
  • Interventions to reduce suicides at suicide hotspots: a systematic review.
    Cox GR, Owens C, Robinson J, Nicholas A, Lockley A, Williamson M, Cheung YT, Pirkis J.
    BMC Public Health. 2013 Mar 9;13:214. doi: 10.1186/1471-2458- 13-214. Review.

Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Experiences from International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

We asked Section members to share their experiences and initiatives about the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women 2017.

Patrizia Zeppegno, Carla Gramaglia and the other Section members working in Novara, Italy, informed us about the initiative which will take place on December 1st at the University of Piemonte Orientale:

“We are organizing a cultural half-day at our university to talk about violence against women, which is widely acknowledged to be a risk factor for suicide in the female population. Following the method of the founder and master of our psychiatry school, Eugenio Torre, we will use movies, songs and books to think over and discuss about this topic. The day will be open to students, professors, clinicians, nurses and administrative staff”.

Here you can find more information: InternationalDayForTheEliminationOfViolence-Novara2017


			

Scientific News & Reading Suggestions #11 – International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women

Suicide and intimate partner violence

What do we know about it?

  • Violence against women is a major public health problem and a violation of women’s human rights.
  • The greatest part are intimate partner violence.  
  • This problem may affect women’s physical and mental health.
  • In many cases violence can have fatal outcomes like homicide or suicide.

In the document “Understanding and addressing violence against women” WHO affirms that Intimate Partner Violence (IPV) is one of the most common forms of violence against women and includes physical, sexual, and emotional abuse and controlling behaviours by an intimate partner.

Evidence suggests that women who are victims of IPV may develop depression, anxiety and phobias. In the WHO multi-country study, among other results, thoughts of suicide and attempted suicide were significantly higher among women who had experienced IPV.
Moreover IPV may be associated to cases of murder-suicide.

People who work in the field of mental health and suicide prevention
should not forget that signs of IPV may be a suicide warning signs.

When we meet patients who have been abused we may pay more attention to the violence instead of how helpless and hopeless violence makes them feel, and how this may leed to suicide attempt.

Strategies

  • We should dedicate more resources to improve prevention of and response to violence. We could promote gender equality and support women who need or ask for help also raising awareness in the population talking about it. Specialists of mental health can play an important role in prevention, to address fully the consequences of violence and the needs of survivors.
  • In the page “Violence against women”  WHO suggests different strategies that may be used as primary prevention (eg: school-based programmes to prevent violence within dating relationships). 

You can find more to read on WHO website, at these links:

http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs239/en/
http://apps.who.int/iris/bitstream/10665/77432/1/WHO_RHR_12.36_eng.pdf


If you organize an initiative for the
International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women
contact us and we can share it on our website!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

Scientific News and Reading Suggestions #10 from JAMA-Psychiatry

Suicide Rates After Discharge From Psychiatric Facilities A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

Chung DT, Ryan CJ, Hadzi-Pavlovic D, Singh SP, Stanton C, Large MM

Facts:

  • Most suicides occur in individuals with mental illness.
  • People with mental illness who have been discharged from psychiatric wards seem to have a greater risk for suicide than others (mostly in the first 3 months after discharge).

The article is a synthesis of the existing literature about rates of post-discharge suicide  and is a useful resource for mental health specialists to deepen their understanding of risk factors for the critical, post-discharge period. Nonetheless, the risk of suicide remains high for many years, and a careful approach to patients admitted because of suicidal ideas or behaviors is warranted.

You can find it on JAMA Psychiatry: click HERE


Editorial: Suicide and Attempted Suicide in the United States During the 21st Century.

Caine ED

Letter: Suicide Rates and the Declining Psychiatric Hospital Bed Capacity in the United States.

Robert D. Gibbons, PhDKwan Hur, PhD; J. John Mann, MD

The editorial  deals with suicides and attempted suicides rates which have continued to increase in the United States since the early 2000s. Suicide rates are particularly high among people between 21 and 34 years, with specific characteristics including social problems, psychiatry comorbidities, personality disorders, and substance-related conditions.  

The article stresses the important role of public health approaches to suicide prevention and early identification of people at risk.

A Letter was recently published in Jama Psychiatry dealing with the increase in the national suicide rates and discussing about its possible relation with the number of psychiatric hospital beds, that has decreased in the same period.

You can find the Editorial on JAMA Psychiatry: click HERE

You can find the Letter on JAMA Psychiatry: click HERE

Image from Pixabay


Looking forward to sharing with you
the next scientific news and reading suggestions!


To know more, contact EPA- SSSP e-mail address:
epasectionsuicidology@gmail.com

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