2020 September-October

Here we are with the selection of articles published in the months of September and October 2020, about suicide, self harm and suicidal related topics from the major scientific journals.

Three articles are presented with a small comment by Raffaella Calati and Veronica Sprio.


Comfort Expressing Emotions and Suicide Ideation: Evidence of Indirect Effects Via Perceived Burdensomeness and Thwarted Belongingness.
Francesca Kassing , Cody G. Dodd , Lauren E. Palmer & Ryan M. Hill
Archives of Suicide Research. Oct 2020. doi: 10.1080/13811118.2020.1841053
Journal of Affective Disorders. May 2020; 273 (2020) 318–327. doi: 10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.096

This study examined four discrete emotions (love, happiness, sadness, and anger) as factors that protect against suicide ideation in young adults, within the context of the interpersonal theory of suicide. Results showed indirect effects from comfort expressing happiness and sadness to suicide ideation, via perceived burdensomeness and thwarted belongingness. An indirect effect was also identified from comfort expressing love to suicide ideation, via thwarted belongingness. These findings suggest that suicide-prevention efforts may wish to focus on increasing comfort expressing emotions to trusted support networks as potential intervention targets.

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Relationship between Sleep Problems and Self-Injury: A Systematic Review.
Habibolah Khazaie , Ali Zakiei , William Vaughn McCall , Khadijeh Noori , Masoumeh Rostampour, Dena Sadeghi Bahmani & Serge Brand
Behavioral Sleep Medicine. Sep 2020. doi: 10.1080/15402002.2020.1822360

This systematic review investigated the relationship between sleep problems and non-suicidal self-injuries. Results indicated that sleep problems such as short sleep duration, sleep disturbances, and poor sleep quality were associated with non-suicidal self-injury. Additionally, emotional dysregulation, depression, and post-traumatic stress disorder appeared to mediate this relationship. Above all adolescents and young adults with sleep disruptions were at higher risk of non-suicidal self-injury.

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Does suicidal ideation and depressive mood of parents affect their adolescent children’s mental health?
Su-Kyoung Lee , Ju-Ho Sim , Chang-Gyo Yoon , Yangwook Kim & Jin-Ha Yoon
Journal of Affective Disorders. Sep 2020. doi: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jad.2020.03.176

The objective of this paper was to investigate the connection between mental illness among parents and their adolescent children in Korea. Results showed that daughters with depressed mothers were 1.92 times more likely to experience depression and 1.64 times more likely to have suicidal ideations. In particular, when father was suicidal, his daughter had a 2.59 times higher risk of suicidal thoughts than father was not depressed and had no suicidal thoughts. Sons’ depressive mood was rarely affected by the psychological status of mothers and fathers.

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